Airlines & Training Centers

Upset Prevention & Recovery Training (UPRT) Solutions
  • The Industry Perspective
  • The Threat Addressed by Airline UPRT
  • Recommended Programs
  • Success Stories
  • Does Jet Upset Training have Value in Airline Pilot Training ?

In the last decade, Loss of Control In-flight (LOC-I) has continued to dominate the Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) statistics as the leading cause of fatalities in commercial aviation worldwide. In response, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is soon requiring Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) at the licensing and type-rating levels for airlines. Current recommendations from ICAO include on-aircraft UPRT for all commercial pilot applicants to increase industry safety. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), and other Civil Aviation Authorities are in the process of establishing Airline UPRT Upset Prevention and Recovery Training guidelines. With Advisory Circular (AC) 120-109, the FAA mandated revisions to the manner in which stall recoveries are trained in both airplanes and simulators and has also recently added UPRT for Airline Transportation Pilot applicants. The FAA’s AC 120-111 Upset Prevention and Recovery Training has introduced UPRT guidance for Part 121 air carriers with recommendations for adoption throughout all other sectors and levels of flight operations.

Over the next few years, Airline UPRT will be instituted as a regulatory requirement around the world. APS has taken a proactive industry role in leading these advancements and our programs already exceed all regulatory UPRT training being instituted. Simply put—your training with APS is in direct alignment and compliance with the new global standard. APS trains 1,000s of pilots every year, and has trained more pilots in UPRT than any other civil UPRT provider. We have a proven track record of providing highly effective programs that are already being utilized by major airlines in both the United States and around the world. Information on APS Airline Type-specific UPRT is available at:

The Industry Perspective

In the airline industry, no concern is greater than safety. While traveling by air is one of the safest ways to travel, just one accident can not only take multiple lives, but it can also permanently damage the reputation of an airline. China Airlines Flight 140, Pinnacle Airlines Flight 3701, Colgan Air Flight 3407, and Air France Flight 447 are but a few dramatic examples of LOC-I accidents which ended in tragedy. Because LOC-I is preventable through effective UPRT training, APS programs, in concert with new regulations regarding pilot UPRT, will benefit the airline industry and passengers.

Comprehensive, Integrated Airline UPRT Produces Results

Currently, most airlines and training centers provide some form of unusual attitude training as a component of traditional recurrent simulator training. However, existing pilot licensing requirements for airline pilots do not require actual all-attitude flight experience. In fact, most airline pilots have not experienced the conditions they would face in an actual airplane upset condition in anything other than a virtual environment. Due to the fidelity limitations of flight simulators, pilots may have even experienced events in simulation which are outside of the valid training envelope, and are therefore not necessarily representative of the aircraft performance and response that would be encountered in an actual aircraft upset. Train-the-trainer Airline Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) integrating extensive ground instruction, targeted on-aircraft training, and simulation allows pilots to ingrain the often counterintuitive, real world skills necessary in an unexpected upset situation.

APS Provides Standardized Instruction by UPRT Experts

All APS instructors are highly qualified with extensive backgrounds in both all-attitude maneuvering and normal flight operations. This combined experience facilitates the deep understanding of the capabilities and limitations of transport category aircraft necessary to effectively teach the transfer of skill from the all-attitude UPRT environment to recovery techniques which are relevant and effective in transport category aircraft. Airline operations mandate high levels of standardization and quality assurance. At APS, the instructor pilot cadre provides highly standardized training programs from diverse scenarios applicable to any aircraft type. The extensive Instructor Pilot (IP) training and qualification system at APS is designed to create an IP that can properly, efficiently, and effectively teach dynamic UPRT concepts in an all-attitude environment.

APS has Airline Instructor Train-the-Trainer programs used by several international airlines. Using web based applications created by APS to deliver industry accepted academic instruction, APS provides the detailed training and experience necessary for airline instructors to deliver accurate and effective UPRT which minimizes the potential for negative training.


The Threat Addressed by Airline UPRT


Boeing/CAST statistics from 2008 through 2017 show LOC-I as the causal factor for ~49% of all fatalities in commercial aviation operations.

A high percentage of those LOC-I accidents resulted in the aircraft stalling. The second most common cause of LOC-I was flight control system failures, including autopilot malfunctions and fly-by-wire system failures. Next was spatial disorientation, and atmospheric disturbances (wind-shear, clear-air turbulence, and wake turbulence).

Airline UPRT training at APS addresses all of these critical causes by teaching upset recognition and prevention through enhanced awareness and recovery, utilizing proven cross-platform strategies with an emphasis on the transfer of skill to any fixed-wing aircraft type. The commercial aviation industry recognizes that specific LOC-I emphasis areas such as stall awareness, primary and alternate control strategies, energy management, and manual handling skills, must be addressed during initial and recurrent training. The UPRT programs at APS comprehensively address all of these areas.

Recommended Programs

APS offers fully comprehensive, type-specific UPRT programs for both airlines and training centers which mitigate the LOC-I threat to air safety through pilot education and practical skill development.

Training Recommendation

Airline Type-specific UPRT

Airline Type-specific Upset Training Solutions

*Airlines Only*: APS offers two flavors of Type-specific Airline Solutions; 1) Airline Pilot-direct, and 2) Train-the-Trainer Licensing.

Success Stories

Sandy Bayne is the Chief Standards Pilot for South African Airways. As an A340 Captain and after flying for 30 years as a professional pilot he accumulated over 15,000 flight hours. Please hear his review of the APS Phase 1 Simulator Instructor Upset Delivery Training program that he received at Aviation Performance Solutions (APS). Captain Bayne is pointing out the Loss of Control Inflight (LOC-I) threat to the aviation industry and how he plans to mitigate that threat for the pilots of South African Airways. Enjoy!

Does Jet Upset Training have Value in Airline Pilot Training ?

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